From January 23 to 27, President Ts.Elbegdorj participated in the World Economic Forum (WEF) held in Davos, Switzerland.
More than 2500 leaders and participants from over 100 countries took part in the WEF. Participants included nearly 50 heads of state or government and more than 1500 business leaders from the Forum’s 1000 Member companies. More than 200 sessions were scheduled during the
43rd WEF meeting under the theme ‘Resilient Dynamism’.
The President was accompanied by L.Bold, Minister of Foreign Affairs, B.Gankhuyag, Minister of Mining, and business delegates.
During his participation in the WEF, the President held a meeting with his counterpart from Costa Rica, Ms. Laura Chinchilla. “The economy of Costa Rica has been growing intensively, and the country is attaching great importance to developing its democracy. This is an advantage of Costa Rica”, Mr. Elbegdorj underlined. He added that Mongolia and Costa Rice have special relations.
Mr. Elbegdorj said Mongolia aspires to share experiences with democratic countries in the education for democracy and then invited Ms. Chinchilla to take part in an international meeting on supporting women’s participation in politics to be held in April in Mongolia.
In turn, Ms. Chinchilla thanked the Mongolia’s President for meeting at her request and congratulated Mongolian people on the 2220th anniversary of the Founding of Mongolia’s Statehood, the Hun Empire.
On January 23, President Elbegdorj met Dr. David T. Ellwood, Dean of Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. At the meeting, Dr. Ellwood noted that the Kennedy School is truly proud of one of its brilliant alumni President Elbegdorj, who is attending international meeting and making enormous achievements in democracy. Also, Mr. Ellwood was interviewed by Mongolian journalists at the World Economic Forum. Afterwards, the President Elbegdorj attended a session on Russia at the annual World Economic Forum in Davos. The Russian Federation is an important neighbor of Mongolia and both countries enjoy friendly, cordial and historic relations. Russian Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev addresses a session on Russia, during the 43rd annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum.
President Ts. Elbegdorj and Mr. Klaus Schwab, founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum (WEF) also held a meeting. Mongolia is full of opportunities; it has become one of the outstanding countries for its leadership, initiatives and participation, said Mr. Schwab. Mr. Schwab expressed satisfaction with Mongolia’s issuing the ‘Chinggis’ bonds and with the intensive drop in the corruption index of Mongolia.
In response, Mr. Elbegdorj expressed his hope that a round-table meeting to be co-organized by Mongolia and the WEF in September will be fruitful and that bilateral cooperation will create a good business environment and increase investments to Mongolia.
Mongolia and the WEF have been actively cooperating in the issues of water, mining, combating corruption and climate change. Thanks to developing collaboration, the level of Mongolia’s participation and cooperation has moved up. The same day, a memorandum of understanding between Mongolia and the World Economic Forum was signed by Minister of Foreign Affairs L.Bold and Mr. Alois Zwinggi, Managing Director of the WEF on Resources and Processes Affairs. This memorandum of mutual understanding was established under an agreement created during a meeting with Mr. Klaus Schwab in October, 2012.
In accordance with the memorandum, Mongolia and the WEF will co-organize a round-table meeting in September this year in Ulaanbaatar to discuss prospects of the Mongolia’s economic development and its tendencies. Results of this round-table meeting will be introduced to the 2014 WEF annual meeting.
In addition, the WEF and Mongolia will cooperate in hosting the WEF on East Asian affairs in Mongolia, joining Mongolia’s biggest companies to the WEF and have them actively participate in the WEF’s activities. It is considered that the cooperation memorandum will bring great opportunities to propagandize Mongolia throughout the world and attract foreign investments.
In a scope of his participation in the WEF, President Elbegdorj held a meeting with Suma Chakrabarti, President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
The EBRD mission is to support countries in the process of establishing their private sectors and has long been active in funding in Mongolia. Mr. Chakrabarti noted that“Mongolia is now seen as a country where the level of corruption is significantly reduced in a short period. Corruption in the public service sector has declined according to a survey conducted by private sector organizations”. Afterwards, both sides exchanged views on opportunities to increase investment and improve business environment.
President Ts.Elbegdorj took part in a special session organized by the Water Resources Group at the World Economic Forum in Davos.
The meeting has brought together Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Anders Berntell, Executive Director, 2030 Water Resources Group at the International Finance Corporation, Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of Ethiopia; Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 70 policy and decision-makers on water issues and other business delegates. The gathered discussed water problems of Mongolia, Mexico, South Africa and India, and ran a debate on the 2030 Water Resources Group.
On January 25, President Elbegdorj delivered his address to a private session linked to World Economic Forum’s anti-corruption initiative through a multi-sector group called ‘Partnering Against Corruption Initiative’.
The session included Benigno Aquino, President of Philippines, Prime Minister of Peru Juan Jimenez Mayor, Huguette Labelle, Chair of the Board of Directors of Transparency International and other officials. During the session, international delegates appraised Mongolia’s achievement that improved its ranking on the list of most corrupt countries.
On the third day of the World Economic Forum 2013 (WEF), the President of Mongolia participated in unofficial gathering of world’s economic leaders themed ‘Geopolitical influence of the Arab Spring’. Only state leaders of countries attended this gathering. They discussed the present tendencies of the Arab Spring, its achievements and aftermath.
Former Secretary-General of the United Nations Mr. Kofi Annan noted that many countries have had civil wars due to the Arabian revolution proven by the current situations in Libya and Syria. He appealed to look at Mongolia, a country that peacefully transited into democracy from the socialist system over twenty years ago without a bloody clash and is now chairing the Community of Democracies. Arabian countries must look at Mongolia and its experience.
President Ts. Elbegdorj said that a revolution does not mean a transmission of a boss’s authority to another boss, it means that a boss’s authority and decision-making goes to people. “We have specific experience in democracy and have learned many lessons to share with others,” said Mr. Elbegdorj. Afterwards, the President took part in meetings ‘Determining urgent problems in 2013’ and ‘Our future we want after 2015’.
During his participation in the WEF, the President Ts. Elbegdorj met his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinisto. Mr. Sauli Niinisto said that the economy of Mongolia has been fruitful, the country has been successfully forming its democracy and becoming a good example…not just in Asia, but for the international community as well.
Mr. Elbegdorj recalled his visit to Finland paid two years ago and expressed satisfaction with the widening of bilateral relations and cooperation. He emphasized that Finland gave assistance to specific fields of Mongolia in times of its transmission period, such as always paying attention to improving facilities of the Central Laboratory of Geology. He added that Finland is one of the few countries in Europe who run mining extraction and exploitation. They shared views on cooperating in the breeding of reindeer, in forestry, in processing copper and producing final products.
On January 26, President Elbegdorj and Mr. Ueli Maurer, President of Switzerland held a meeting In frames of the World Economic Forum (WEF). They discussed issues on Mongolia-Switzerland relations and cooperation, direct democracy and its situation in Mongolia and on civil involvement in Mongolia, direct democracy and people’s monitoring of the State Budget. Mr. Elbegdorj said Mongolia wants to study the Swiss experience in infrastructure, road, transportation, great construction, and develop ties and collaboration in agriculture and tourism. The sides also exchanged views on cooperating in establishing a milk factory based on Swiss experience and in the water management.
Before concluding his participation in the WEF, President Ts.Elbegdorj attended a special meeting ‘Transforming Investment Flows’ organized by the Green Growth Action Alliance within the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerland. The meeting brought together leaders of countries and international organizations, including Mr. Ban Ki-moon, the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN).
Mr. Elbegdorj said his country is aiming to set up an ‘Asian Super Network for green development’ in order to create covering Asia in an electricity transmission network which comes from Mongolia. In other words, Mongolia intends to produce electricity from renewable energy, “and it might fully provide Asia’s consumption”, Mr. Elbegdorj added.
“We have named this project as the ‘Gobi Tech’. As estimated, the wind energy reserve in Mongolia can produce electricity that is able to satisfy all of China and if to add our solar energy, we can provide all of Asia with electricity. It means that nations have a big opportunity to invest in Mongolia,” said Mr. Elbegdorj.
In frames of this special meeting, a discussion ran on creating a treaty to succeed the Kyoto Protocol.